An Artist in the Herb Garden

Check out the article by Laura Killingbeck about Nilsa Garcia-Rey and her amazing herb garden at Round the Bend Farm. This article was originally published in the North America Permaculture Magazine 


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Collaborative & Regenerative Land Management

Collaborative & Regenerative Land Management with Livestock Co- Contributors Lauren Miller-Donnelly of Mass Audubon’s Allens Pond Wildlife Sanctuary and Geoff Kinder of Round the Bend Farm and Paradox Acres

At Allens Pond Wildlife Sanctuary, a patchwork of invaluable wildlife habitat stretches across the landscape. A primary goal at this Mass Audubon property is the management of grasslands for native wildlife, particularly birds. Grassland bird populations rely on this habitat which has decreased in recent decades, now accounting for a fraction of our national and local landscape. Once maintained through periodic disturbance by native herbivores, fire and early agricultural techniques, modern agriculture and sub/urban development are major contributors to grassland habitat loss today. Land conservation groups such as Mass Audubon now work to create and maintain these critical habitats. Through cross-sector collaboration and creative land-management strategies, the partnership of Mass Audubon and Round the Bend Farm represents a successful initiative to achieve these ends on the South Coast.

Traditional agricultural management created a mosaic landscape favored by the many species of grassland birds, where they could forage, hide, nest, and rear their young. Modern agricultural management now relies on machines, which create large swaths of homogenous landscapes. These landscapes lack structural and plant diversity, depriving birds of quality hiding places, foraging grounds, and nesting areas. Mechanical management itself can also be dangerous to bird populations, destroying eggs and fledglings when incorrectly timed.

Over the last 8 years, in collaboration with Round the Bend Farm, Mass Audubon has practiced more nuanced and place-based management: rotational grazing combined with timely hay harvest. Together, staff ecologists and farmers plan seasonal grazing and haying patterns that will be most conducive to conservation goals, mainly bird nesting and fledging. This solution is unique and quite beneficial to wildlife and the environment.

During the spring and fall, when cold-season grass growth peaks, cattle cycle through designated parcels of land. Rotational grazing encourages the development of a structurally diverse, natural landscape dotted with pathways and mounds, tufts of fibrous grasses and open spaces. This terrain would be unfeasible to duplicate mechanically, and is perfectly suited to grassland bird species like the Bobolink, Eastern Meadowlark, and Savannah Sparrow.

By grazing fresh vegetation and creating patches of openings, animals prepare the land for the summer arrival of grassland birds. Around the first of June, as grazing animals are moved off pasture, warm season grasses become active and native birds begin nest incubation. In this season, bird populations at the sanctuary have the protection they need to reproduce. Ecologists monitor the timing of the birds until their young have fledged in the fall, and decide when the land may again be grazed and/or hayed.

By stewarding the land through systems that mimic nature, the Allens Pond grasslands are gradually more suitable for native wildlife. Moreover, the benefits of rotational grazing extend beyond the natural environment. Regenerative interactions between grazing herbivores and the land promotes functional diversity within this ecosystem, molding a landscape that is attractive to visitors and wildlife alike.

Mass Audubon’s commitment to climate change action is supported by reducing the reliance on fossil-fueled machinery to manage the fields and transport both hay and meat. The production of locally raised beef that consume grass on-site in a system where carbon is rapidly recycled cuts down on excess methane release. The collaboration between farmer and wildlife sanctuary reduces the need for additional staff and machinery. Eventually, grazing animals become available as high-value, local, grass-fed meats, reducing waste by the end consumer, enhancing the local food shed, fostering community health, and supporting sustainable farming livelihoods

This collaboration between Mass Audubon and Round the Bend Farm signals a cultural shift. It heralds a new chapter in land stewardship, where ecology and agriculture are integrated. At the Allens Pond Wildlife Sanctuary, farmers and ecologists are devoted partners in the aim to protect wildlife and conserve the land. We see here, and hope to see increasingly elsewhere, that diverse stakeholders can sit at the table together and find solutions only possible through synergy: solutions that value a vital local ecology and thriving food system, while embracing the far-reaching opportunities of collaboration.








(photo credit Desa Van Laarhoven of Round the Bend Farm)

Anti-Bacterial Products – Keep Them Out of Your Septic System

From Westport River Watershed Alliance

Roberta Carvalho, WRWA Science Director
Marketing tactics influencing the fear of bacteria and dirt have driven the demand for antibacterial soaps and products. Consumers are barraged with commercials showing that bacteria is harmful and causes illness. There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in one ml of fresh water. Only a small number of these “germs” can cause harm to the human body. Most of the bacteria illnesses in the United States are not even from dirt, they are food born.

Sometimes antibacterial products have a negative effect on our bodies and our environment. Triclosan, is a chemical in antibacterial soaps, cleaners, and antiseptic toiletries. In 2016 the Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a rule banning the use of triclosan, triclocarban and 17 other chemicals in hand and body washes which are marketed as being more effective than simple soap. Companies have a year to take these ingredients out of their products or remove the products from the market.

Bacteria help to decompose waste in our septic tanks. To achieve proper treatment for germs, a septic system is dependent on millions of naturally occurring bacteria throughout the system. Good bacteria from our bodies and waste are what make a septic system function. Anaerobic bacteria in the tank decompose organic waste. Aerobic bacteria in soil, destroys disease causing pathogens and finish breaking down molecular waste. The accumulative use of antibacterial soaps and cleaners in the home, causes significant and total destruction of both the good and bad bacteria in the septic system. Most antibacterial products are washed or flushed down the drain, however; onsite wastewater systems (septic systems) can’t process these chemicals.

Because septic systems are responsible for the treatment of water that eventually returns back into the environment. Septic maintenance is a vital part of ensuring a healthy and safe environment. Maintaining the bacteria in the septic system is key. 75% of all liquid soaps contain anti-bacterials as well as: shampoos, body wash, mouthwash, toothpaste, tile tub and shower cleaners, drain cleaners, toilet bowl cleaners, laundry detergents, bleach and bleach alternative products, kitchen disinfectants, dish soaps and dish washer detergents, and fabric softeners. We live in a world where we surrounded by antibacterials and it is almost impossible to eliminate using them,
however; limiting the use can contain the problem.

To limit antibacterials in your septic:

♦ Never use toilet bowl cleaners that stay in the bowl or work after every flush.
♦ Reduce the use of drain cleaner by using drain traps.
♦ When cleaning, scrub more and use less cleaning product.
♦ Never dispose of grease in a drain, it ultimately stops bacteria from decomposing waste.
♦ Avoid excessive water flushing into the septic system -it stunts bacteria growth.
♦ Use regular soap and avoid products that say antibacterial, sanitizing and disinfectant.
♦ Use white vinegar followed by hydrogen peroxide to clean surfaces, especially in the kitchen.
♦ Avoid bleach and bleach alternatives as much as possible.
♦ Never flush prescriptions or over the counter medications (antibiotics).
♦ Don’t use harsh septic tank cleaners or septic tank additives.
♦ Be aware that while labels that read “won’t harm septic tanks” won’t actually harm the tank itself, but   can harm the bacteria in the tank.

Creature Feature -The Common Reed (Phragmites australis)

From Westport River Watershed Alliance

by Victoria Quennessen


You can find large patches of this tall reed near most water bodies in and around Westport, including Cockeast Pond or Emma Tripp Landing. It has gray-green leaves, and its flower head blooms purple in the late summer before turning white or silver.

A version of the common reed native to the United States (Phragmites australis subspecies americanus), has existed here since before the Europeans arrived in the fifteenth century. The settlers brought with them an invasive European variant which they used both to
reduce erosion and for roofing materials. Unfortunately, it grows faster and outcompetes its North American cousin. The European version can grow up to sixteen feet tall and blocks the sun from reaching smaller plants. It also releases acids into the soil from its roots, which prevents other seeds from sprouting. This helps the common reed to form dense patches and replaces native species like cattails, which provide food and shelter for animals like muskrats and waterfowl. These patches can cover almost half of a square mile, and provide resources to fewer local creatures.

Removal strategies include using a very strong herbicide called Round-Up, which is harmful to a wide variety of plants. Such herbicides can be transferred to and kill other area plants by tidal action. Another method includes burning the reeds down before the end of July, when they store most of their food.

However, their roots can survive, so the plants sometimes have to be burned three seasons in a row. A more modern clearing method includes the use of goats. Goats can eat away unwanted plants (including poison ivy!), reach where lawn mowers can’t, and provide an environmentally safer alternative to chemicals. Whatever the treatment method, it’s best to replant natives to keep the reeds from growing back right away. Next time you’re landscaping around wetlands, check out native plants like Salt Marsh Bulrush, Broad Leaved Cattail, and Saltmeadow Cordgrass.